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12th International Conference on Abdominal Imaging and Endoscopy, will be organized around the theme “Promotion of Safe Practice & Advancements in Endoscopy and Imaging”

Endoscopy 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Endoscopy 2018

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Endoscopy is a procedure that aids the doctors to look at your internal organs to help in diagnosing, identification or even during surgery. The endoscope is inserted through your mouth, or an incision near the part to be examined, nose, anus, urethra or vagina. The endoscope is a long flexible tubed instrument with tiny cameras attached to the edge of the scope that helps in the organ viewing. Although endoscopy was earlier used to view only the gastrointestinal tract, it can now be used to view numerous other infected/ problematic areas as well, viz., Arthroscopy-for joints, Bronchoscopy-for lungs, Colonoscopy- for colon and intestines, ureteroscopy- for urinary system, Laparoscopy-for abdomen or pelvis, Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy/ esophagogastroduodenoscopy- for oesophagus and stomach. Endoscopy is used to investigate, diagnose, and to treat the diseases. Most of the endoscopes allow doctors to use narrow band imaging, to help detect precancerous conditions, some also use high definition video imaging. Endoscopy is a safe procedure involves only rare complications like bleeding, minor infections, and tearing of the gastrointestinal tract.

  • Track 1-1Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • Track 1-2Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography
  • Track 1-3Capsule Endoscopy
  • Track 1-4Colonoscopy or Sigmoidoscopy
  • Track 1-5Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
  • Track 1-6Endoscopic Mucosal Resection
  • Track 1-7Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection (ESD)
  • Track 1-8Enteroscopy
  • Track 1-9ERCP/Cholangioscopy
  • Track 1-10Diagnostic indications
  • Track 1-11Infection control
  • Track 1-12Critics and ethics on endoscopy
  • Track 1-13Practice Management

Endoscopy was traditionally used to observe only digestive tract and diagnose associated diseases. Endoscopes to investigate digestive diseases are passed through the mouth, or an incision, or through the rectum.  In an upper endoscopy, the endoscope is passed through the mouth into esophagus and stomach and upper part of small intestine. But for the endoscope to be passed to the large intestine, they need to be passed through the rectum, called colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. Endoscopic Ultrasound is another crucial imaging technique that combines both, endoscopy and ultrasound to obtain images for further investigation of complicated diseases. Endoscopy is prescribed to evaluate unexplained stomach pains, Ulcers, gastritis, ulcerative colitis, bleeding, polyps, and gallstones, among other oesophageal, gastric, hepatobiliary, hepatopancreatic, and intestinal diseases.

  • Track 2-1Oral diseases
  • Track 2-2Oesophageal diseases
  • Track 2-3Gastric diseases
  • Track 2-4Hepatic diseases
  • Track 2-5Pancreatic diseases
  • Track 2-6Gallbladder and biliary tract diseases
  • Track 2-7Intestinal Diseases
  • Track 2-8Diseases of Colon and Rectum
  • Track 2-9Gastrointestinal oncology
  • Track 2-10Hepatobiliary Imaging
  • Track 2-11Hepatopancreaticobiliary Tumor

To detect pancreatic cancer, various imaging tests can be used, depending on the factors, to investigate the extent of spread of cancer, or recurrence of cancer or while treating the patient to observe the prognosis. Imaging tests include CT, MRI, Ultrasound and endoscopy, Cholangiopancreatography- including ERCP, MRCP, and PTC, apart from PET scans and angiography. Endoscopic scans investigations reveal swelling, infection, bleeding, obstructions and inflammation of the pancreas. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), is one of the most promising modalities in the screening of pancreatic cancer, has a transducer which creates sound waves which help in creating images of the pancreas and surrounding organs to help identify small tumors and localized spread of cancer. Tissue sampling, if needed is done during the same process. In ERCP, endoscope guides a catheter into the bile duct to insert minute amount of dye. The resulting X-ray images then show blockages and tumors or other obstructions caused. ERCP can also be used to place a stent into the duct. 

  • Track 3-1Exocrine and neuroendocrine pancreatic cancers
  • Track 3-2Endoscopic diagnosis
  • Track 3-3CT diagnosis
  • Track 3-4EUS vs. ERCP
  • Track 3-5EGD vs. EUS
  • Track 3-6Pancreatic Cancer and Hepatitis
  • Track 3-7Pancreas Disease-Focused Panel (DFP)
  • Track 3-8Pancreatic Imaging
  • Track 3-9Pancreatobilary Imaging
  • Track 3-10Hepatopancreaticobiliary Tumor
  • Track 3-11Imaging tests for pancreatic cancers
  • Track 3-12Pseudocyst Drainage

Endoscopy, although traditionally a diagnostic tool has now become a therapeutic sub-specialty, is considered a very safe procedure; there are possibilities of rare complications like bleeding, infection, tearing of the gastrointestinal tract, colonoscopic perforations, abdominal pains, chest pains, fever, Cardiopulmonary, and in very rare cases, myocardial infarctions

  • Track 4-1Bleeding and infection
  • Track 4-2Tearing of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Track 4-3Rare complications
  • Track 4-4Symptoms
  • Track 4-5Endoscopy risks for elderly and kids
  • Track 4-6Endoscopy side effects
  • Track 4-7Complications in colonoscopy
  • Track 4-8Paediatric Imaging

During an endoscopic procedure, the surgeon uses a long flexible tubed instrument with a rotating camera attached to view and operate on the gastrointestinal and other associated internal organs with absolute no large incisions. A surgeon inserts the endoscope through a small incision, mouth, nostrils, or anus to observe the diseased part of the tract, and if needed, they use forceps and scissors on the endoscope as well to operate or sample the tissue for biopsy. Joints, lungs, colon, bladder, small intestine, uterus, pelvis, larynx, mediastinum, esophagus, ureter can be examined using different types of endoscopy. Another name for Endoscopic surgery is Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). 

  • Track 5-1Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • Track 5-2Enteroscopy
  • Track 5-3Colonoscopy/ sigmoidoscopy
  • Track 5-4Rectoscopy
  • Track 5-5Anoscopy
  • Track 5-6Rhinoscopy
  • Track 5-7Bronchoscopy
  • Track 5-8Otoscopy
  • Track 5-9Cystoscopy
  • Track 5-10Gynoscopy
  • Track 5-11Laparoscopy
  • Track 5-12Arthroscopy
  • Track 5-13Thoracoscopy
  • Track 5-14Laparoscopic surgery
  • Track 5-15Capsule endoscopy
  • Track 5-16Double-balloon endoscopy

Imaging has now become crucial in all clinical specialties especially gastroenterology. With new futuristic technologies and applications in the imaging procedures, the investigation and diagnosis of complicated diseases and hidden cancers can be detected and diagnosed in the early stages. Although the most common imaging techniques such as ultrasound, Angiograms, CT and MRI scans have been extensively used, endoscopy is emerging as the preferred imaging type in most of the gastrointestinal diseases. Liver diseases that involve imaging are Polycystic liver diseases, fatty and non-fatty liver diseases, hepatocarcinoma, diffuse liver disease, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, and other chronic liver diseases, Barrett's Esophagus, Crohn’s disease, Gastritis, GERD, severe haemorrhoids, hernia, irritable bowel syndrome, and ulcerative colitis are common digestive disorders that require imaging. ERCP, Cholecystography, upper endoscopy/EGD, HIDA Scan, laparoscopy, MRI, MRCP, ultrasound and PET scans are commonly used to diagnose liver and gastrointestinal diseases.

  • Track 6-1GERD
  • Track 6-2Gallstones
  • Track 6-3Celiac Disease
  • Track 6-4Crohn’s Disease
  • Track 6-5Ulcerative Colitis
  • Track 6-6Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Track 6-7Hemorrhoids diverticulitis
  • Track 6-8Anal Fissure
  • Track 6-9Advanced Crohn’s Disease
  • Track 6-10GI Bleeding
  • Track 6-11GIT and Liver Diseases Management
  • Track 6-12Hepatobiliary Imaging
  • Track 6-13Hepatopancreaticobiliary Tumor
  • Track 6-14Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Track 6-15Hepatitis
  • Track 6-16Hemochromatosis
  • Track 6-17Liver Cirrhosis
  • Track 6-18Manometry

Endoscopy is soon growing as the preferred method for diagnosis and treatment of various diseases and disorders. A long flexible tube with attached camera is used to insert through a small incision or natural openings of the body to investigate the diseased part. With numerous advances in the field of technology and life sciences, endoscopy, which earlier was purely a diagnostic tool, is now also used in surgeries and treatment, and also in diagnosing other parts of the body other than the GI tract

  • Track 7-1Arthroscopy
  • Track 7-2Thoracoscopy
  • Track 7-3Sigmoidoscopy
  • Track 7-4Proctoscopy
  • Track 7-5Neuroendoscopy
  • Track 7-6Laryngoscopy
  • Track 7-7Laparoscopy
  • Track 7-8Gastroscopy
  • Track 7-9Esophagoscopy
  • Track 7-10Cystoscopy
  • Track 7-11Colposcopy
  • Track 7-12Colonoscopy
  • Track 7-13Bronchoscopy
  • Track 7-14Capsule endoscopy

Endoscopic treatment includes treatment of the obstructions at the same time while performing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). ERCP combines X-rays with a dye injected into the duct to view liver and pancreas. Removal of gallstones, tissue sampling for biopsy, stent insertion, treatment of pancreatitis, diagnosis of tumors, blockages, cysts, duct leaks, or obstructions is done with the help of ERCP. While, EUS helps in sampling, ablating cysts, draining fluid retentions, injecting cancer drugs, celiac nerve block, alleviating obstructions among other functions. Advanced therapeutic endoscopy helps in treating sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction, and specialized stent placements like Transesophageal fistula, Perforated esophagus and Gastric outlet obstruction. Therapeutic endoscopy is of 9 types, endoscopic hemostasis, injection sclerotherapy, argon plasma coagulation, dilatation, polypectomy, variceal banding, stenting, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, and foreign body removal.

  • Track 8-1Endoscopic haemostasis
  • Track 8-2Barrett’s oesophagus
  • Track 8-3Transoral gastroplasty
  • Track 8-4Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  • Track 8-5Stenting
  • Track 8-6Variceal banding
  • Track 8-7Polypectomy
  • Track 8-8Dilatation
  • Track 8-9Argon plasma coagulation
  • Track 8-10Injection sclerotherapy
  • Track 8-11Oddi Dysfunction

Group of cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and associated organs refers to gastrointestinal cancer, and the study is referred to GI oncology. Cancers of the esophagus, bile duct, liver, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, large and small intestines, anus, colon, rectum and retroperitoneum, and neoplasms, constitute under GI cancers. The cancers of liver, pancreas, and gall bladder are the major cancers that affect the majority of the population and are even lethal. Liver cancer/ hepatocellular carcinoma is caused by prolonged hepatitis infection or cirrhosis constitutes one of the second most common cancers with gastric cancer being the 4th most common and pancreatic cancer being 5th most common cancers. Treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy and immunotherapy and radiations. 

  • Track 9-1Bile duct cancer
  • Track 9-2Colorectal oncology
  • Track 9-3Colon cancer
  • Track 9-4Anal cancer
  • Track 9-5Gastrointestinal pathology
  • Track 9-6Carcinoid and neuroendocrine neoplasms
  • Track 9-7GI cancer screening
  • Track 9-8Cancer prevention and chemoprevention
  • Track 9-9Microbiome in GI cancer
  • Track 9-10Surgical oncology
  • Track 9-11Hepatic metastatic tumor
  • Track 9-12Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Track 9-13Pancreatic cancer
  • Track 9-14Stomach cancer
  • Track 9-15Gastric ulcers and cancer
  • Track 9-16Gall bladder cancer
  • Track 9-17Esophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Track 9-18Rectal cancer
  • Track 9-19Ampullary carcinomas
  • Track 9-20Digestive system neoplasia

A field of diagnostic radiology, that aids in the diagnostic imaging of obstructions and diseases in the abdominal and pelvic disorders. Abdominal radiology includes imaging of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary systems using X-Rays, Ultrasound, MRI, CT, MRI, Nuclear Medicine Techniques, and Fluoroscopy to evaluate solid organ transplant evaluation, malignancies of the abdomen and pelvis, inflammatory bowel disease, and fertility imaging. Traditionally X-rays and CT were commonly used in imaging, but due to recent advances in radiology, MRI and Nuclear Imaging are being preferred over X-Rays and CTs. Imaging uses radiation that is not visible to the eye, but when directed towards the part to be pictured, the radiation produces an image which is similar to the organ on which radiation was directed. 

  • Track 10-1Abdominal and Pelvic Ultrasound
  • Track 10-2Fluoroscopy
  • Track 10-3Pediatric Imaging
  • Track 10-4Small Bowel Imaging
  • Track 10-5Polypectomy
  • Track 10-6Dual Energy CT
  • Track 10-7CT Colonography
  • Track 10-8CT and MR of Enterography and Urography
  • Track 10-9Comprehensive Image-guided Intervention
  • Track 10-10Biliary Manometry
  • Track 10-11Bariatric Imaging
  • Track 10-12Advances in Imaging
  • Track 10-13Advanced Imaging techniques
  • Track 10-14Ablation
  • Track 10-15Abdominal Radiology after Dark
  • Track 10-16Abdominal MRI
  • Track 10-17Nuclear Imaging

Abdominal and pelvic ultrasounds are most commonly used imaging tests to investigate problems in the abdominal and pelvic areas. Ultrasound is one of the safest imaging tests as it uses no known radiation; rather it employs sound waves to create images of organs that appear on a screen. Abdominal ultrasound is used to investigate unexplained pain and can help perceive complications in the upper abdominal organs viz., inflammatory diseases, appendicitis, kidney stones, gallstones, and liver diseases. While pelvic ultrasounds help diagnose pain or other symptoms in the pelvis or lower abdomen. Obstetrical ultrasound is used in pregnant women to evaluate the health of the baby and mother. Color Doppler is another type of imaging analysis to measure arterial and venous blood flow of the internal organs. 

  • Track 11-1Ultrasonography
  • Track 11-23D ultrasound
  • Track 11-3Obstetrical Ultrasound
  • Track 11-4Hollow organ imaging
  • Track 11-5Kidney and Adrenal ultrasound
  • Track 11-6Color doppler ultrasound
  • Track 11-7TVS test
  • Track 11-8Abdominal ultrasound
  • Track 11-9Gynecologic ultrasound
  • Track 11-10Testicular and Pelvic ultrasound
  • Track 11-11Vascular ultrasound
  • Track 11-12Renal ultrasound

Transplantation can be associated with various complications ranging from vascular to immunologic. Traditionally, the complications were checked using biopsies, but with the advances, the complications are now investigated using non-invasive imaging techniques like Color Doppler Ultrasound, CT and MRI angiography, and nuclear imaging. But, ultrasound is the ideal initial imaging modality followed by color Doppler ultrasound, as they are readily available, and provide an almost complete diagnosis in the first imaging modality in both renal and pancreatic transplants. Accurate imaging is crucial in the precise description of abnormalities, fluid collections, and the localization of leaks. An ultrasound followed by CT or MRI and angiography are the prescribed imaging modalities after a transplant. 

  • Track 12-1Color and Duplex Doppler ultrasound
  • Track 12-2Endoscopy with biopsy
  • Track 12-3Radiographic examinations
  • Track 12-4Fluoroscopic gastrointestinal barium studies
  • Track 12-5Pre- and Post-transplant imaging
  • Track 12-6CT and MRI
  • Track 12-7Nuclear Imaging
  • Track 12-8Ultrasonography
  • Track 12-9Grey-scale ultrasound
  • Track 12-10Histopathology

Technological advancements in imaging have led to various non-invasive and safe imaging modalities to visualize the organs of the abdomen and pelvis, without the need for the “explorative surgical techniques” that cause more harm than good. CT, MRI, and ultrasonography have improved the ability of the surgeons to visualize, investigate and diagnose abdominopelvic complications and monitor treatment efficacy. Although X-rays are still fundamental and are often used as the first line of imaging modality, they are now being succeeded by cross-sectional imaging. Endoscopic ultrasound and positron emission tomography (PET) are also being preferred over CT and MRI with whole new methods which are considered safer and easier and cost-effective. 

  • Track 13-1Female Pelvic MRI
  • Track 13-2Fluroscopy
  • Track 13-3CT and MRI Angiography
  • Track 13-4CT/ PET and MRI Scans
  • Track 13-53D ultrasound
  • Track 13-6Colonography
  • Track 13-7Prostate Imaging
  • Track 13-8Pelvic MRI
  • Track 13-9Pelvic Floor and Perineum
  • Track 13-10Kidney and Adrenal Imaging
  • Track 13-113T Prostate MRI

A group of inflammatory diseases of colon, small and large intestine, collectively are referred to as Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are prime examples of IBD, wherein they affect small and large intestine, esophagus, mouth, rectum, anus, and stomach as well. IBD, in most cases, are treated as a case of autoimmune disease, while in few cases they are either caused by microbial infection, Behçet's disease and sometimes are indeterminate. They are treated either through surgeries, or drug therapies, nutritional or diet controls or through microbiome transplants, especially fecal microbiota transplant. Although, most of the times, patients prefer traditional or alternative medicines to the regular medicines. Stem cell therapy is also increasingly used in treating IBD. 

  • Track 14-1Crohn’s diseases
  • Track 14-2Ulcerative colitis
  • Track 14-3Microscopic colitis
  • Track 14-4Diversion colitis
  • Track 14-5Indeterminate colitis
  • Track 14-6Microbiota induced IBD
  • Track 14-7Diagnosis of IBD
  • Track 14-8Surgery and Therapy
  • Track 14-9Complications from IBD

Imaging is a crucial approach for the treatment of cancer- right from the initial stages of detection to stages classification and response assessment and follow-up. Approaches to image a tumor of the gastrointestinal tract are generally multimodality imaging where gastroesophageal, pancreatic, hepatocellular, abdominal lymphomas, stromal cancers, renal, and cervical cancers are screened and investigated. Various stages of oncologic imaging include screening for early cancer, diagnosing and staging cancer, treatment, monitoring the response of the treatment, and monitoring the recurrence of cancer. Interventional oncology is a minimally invasive image-guided technique is gradually assuming a larger role in treating cancer. 

  • Track 15-1Advances in Oncologic Imaging
  • Track 15-2Rectal cancer MRI
  • Track 15-3Tumor ablation
  • Track 15-4Renal cell carcinoma
  • Track 15-5Rectal cancer MRI
  • Track 15-6Pseudocyst drainage
  • Track 15-7Prostate imaging
  • Track 15-8Pelvic MRI
  • Track 15-9Pelvic Floor and Perineum
  • Track 15-10Pediatric imaging
  • Track 15-11Oncologic imaging
  • Track 15-12Image guided procedures
  • Track 15-13Contrast media imaging
  • Track 15-14Renal cell carcinoma

The advances and innovations in technology have brought a revolution in the field of endoscopy and abdominal imaging and they have improved beyond the expectations of traditional imaging techniques and explorative surgeries. These advanced imaging modalities improve visualization of the vascular and tissue characterization aiding in precise diagnosis. The advances include chromoendoscopy, narrow band imaging and autofluorescence endoscopy, endo-cystoscopy and confocal endomicroscopy. These novel imaging technologies help in visualizing the internal organs and complications, which could earlier be seen only through biopsy and histological studies. Chromoendoscopy, Digital chromoendoscopy, Narrow band imaging, I scan or Fuji Intelligent Chromo Endoscopy, Autofluorescence endoscopy, Trimodal imaging, Optical biopsy, Endocytoscopy, Confocal laser endomicroscopy, Optical coherence tomography and 360-degree view Fuse endoscopes are few examples of these advances and are a product of better and improved technology.